São Tomé and Príncipe

   Comprising a former colony of Portugal, these two islands of volcanic origin are located in the Gulf of Guinea, West Africa. The Portuguese first found these tropical islands about 1471, and efforts to settle them began in 1486 on São Tomé and about 1500 on Príncipe Island. Portugal settled them with
   African slaves from the mainland. A significant portion of the Africans who were forced to work the coffee and cocoa plantations were from Angola, and some were from the Cape Verde Islands. The early economy of the islands was dominated by sugar as plantations were established, based on the systems pioneered earlier in Madeira and the Cape Verdes. In the 19th and 20th centuries, however, coffee and cocoa plantations were developed. The cocoa plantations, which were owned largely by Portuguese from Portugal, produced the raw material for chocolate and soon formed the principal wealth of this colony.
   In the early 20th century, forced labor practices and other labor abuses on the Portuguese-owned plantations drew worldwide attention through the famous writings of the British investigative reporter-writer, Henry W. Nevinson. Portugal's colonial rule there, as well as in Angola and Mozambique, whose excesses were now exposed in newspapers and books, also came under the scrutiny of leading humanitarian organizations in London and elsewhere. Although Portugal defended colonial rule in this case and made reform efforts, tragically extensive labor abuse in the islands persisted into the middle of the 20th century. The islands were not involved in a war of African insurgency. In 1975, Portugal granted independence to the archipelago, whose official language of government and instruction remains Portuguese.

Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. . 2014.

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  • São Tomé and Príncipe — São′ Tomé′ and Prín′cipe or Sao′ Tome′ and Prin′cipe n. geg a republic in W Africa, comprising the islands of São Tomé and Príncipe, in the Gulf of Guinea, N of the equator: a former overseas province of Portugal; gained independence in 1975. 154 …   From formal English to slang

  • São Tomé and Príncipe — [prin′sə pē΄] country off the W coast of Africa, comprising two islands ( São Tomé & Príncipe) & several islets in the Gulf of Guinea: formerly a Portuguese territory, it became independent 1975: 387 sq mi (1,002 sq km); pop. 120,000; cap. São… …   English World dictionary

  • São Tomé and Príncipe — Democratic Republic of, a republic in W Africa, comprising the islands of São Tomé and Príncipe, in the Gulf of Guinea, N of the equator: a former overseas province of Portugal; gained independence in 1975. 147,865; 372 sq. mi. (964 sq. km). Cap …   Universalium

  • São Tomé and Príncipe — Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe …   Wikipedia

  • Sao Tome and Principe — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Sao Tome and Principe <p></p> Background: <p></p> Discovered and claimed by Portugal in the late 15th century, the islands sugar based economy gave way to coffee and… …   The World Factbook

  • Sao Tome and Principe — noun island nation in the South Atlantic off the west coast of Africa; achieved independence from Portugal in 1975; has enormous offshore oil reserves • Syn: ↑Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe, ↑Sao Tome e Principe, ↑Sao Thome e… …   Useful english dictionary

  • São Tomé and Príncipe — /ˌsaʊ toʊˈmeɪ ən ˈprɪnsɪpə/ (say .sow toh may uhn prinsipuh) noun a republic off the west coast of Africa, consisting of two main islands and some rocky islets in the Gulf of Guinea; a Portuguese colony and overseas province before independence… …   Australian English dictionary

  • São Tomé and Príncipe — noun Island nation off the western equatorial coast of Africa. Official name: Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe …   Wiktionary

  • Sao Tome and Principe — República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe Demokratische Republik São Tomé und Príncipe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • São Tomé and Príncipe — São To|mé and Prín|ci|pe a small country made up of a group of islands off West Africa in the Gulf of Guinea. Population: 165,034 (2001). Capital: São Tomé …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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